Інформації про них англійською мовою
Space and new technologies
Suggested level – B1 intermediate
Мета: Систематизувати знання учнів про розвиток космічних досліджень в Україні та знання, вміння і навички обміну інформації про них англійською мовою.
Задачі: 1) Навчальні: ввести та семантизувати лексику термінологічного характеру; практикувати в читанні тексту з метою максимально повного й точного розуміння всієї інформації, монологічному та діалогічному мовленні за темою уроку; практикувати навички аудіювання; тренувати в зміні лінгвістичних систем комунікації.
2) Виховні: прищеплювати почуття гордості за досягнення України в дослідженнях космосу та за її авторитет як однієї з провідних космічних держав світу.
3) Розвиваючі: розвивати навички трансформації зорової інформації в мовленнєву із застосуванням чужої лінгвістичної системи; розвивати навички встановлення причинно-наслідкових зв'язків та включення нової інформації у встановлену систему зв'язків.
Обладнання: підручник; дошка, портрети провідних українських вчених, які відзначилися у космічних дослідженнях, портрети українських космонавтів - Павла Поповича - першого українця, який побував у космосі, одного з перших космонавтів світу та першого українського космонавта, який здійснив два космічних польоти (в 1962р. та 1974р.) і Леоніда Каденюка - першого українського космонавта після проголошення незалежності України та інших космонавтів - представників України, текст для аудіювання, завдання до нього на комп’ютері (розроблені вчителем), картки із завданнями.
T: Ukraine is proud of the achievements in space exploration. It is very important to popularize the information among the people of other countries, because it strengthen the prestige of our Motherland. Can you answer these questions?
Do you like to read science fiction stories about space exploration? Why?
What .writers create stories about future space adventures?
Are their books useful for readers? Why?
Do you think star wars will take place in future? Why?
What do you think, what countries will be world leaders in space
exploration in the 21st century? Why?
T: Let’s try to do mind games. Make groups of four.
Using the roots below, match the words in the left-hand column with the definitions on the right:
Aster, astro, stellar star, starlike
naute Greek word for sailor
dis Latin prefix "separation, " now used in many words with a negative connotation
nomy study of
isko Greek suffix which forms diminutives
logis Greek word for discourse, now used in suffixes for "study"
eides having the form or likeness of
1. asteroids a. the science of the study of stars
2. asterisk b. the study of stars predicting one's fate based on the position of planets in the constellations
3. asters c. star-shaped flowers
4. astrology d. starlike
5. astronaut e. person who sails to the stars
6. astronautics f. the bad influence of the stars on people's lives
7. astronomy g. a little star
8. disaster h. the science and technology of space flight
Key: 1.d; 2.g; 3.c; 4.b; 5.e; 6.h; 7.a; 8.f.
Choose the most appropriate answer for the questions below:
1. What is a light-year?
a. A year that is not very heavy (364 days), which means leap years, which occur every four years
b. The distance light travels in a year — 5.5 trillion miles (9.28 trillion km)
c. A year that has a lot of sunlight and little rain, usually associated with worldwide drought
d. A year devoted to study of the sun and other celestial bodies, supported by NASA grants
2. How many stars are there in the Milky Way?
a. Between 1,000 and 1,000,000
b. Between 100 billion and 200 billion
c. Between 1 trillion and 2 trillion
3. How many planets the size of the Earth could you fit in the Sun?
4. How many times hotter is the core of the Sun than a nuclear explosion (10 million C0)?
5. What is a comet made of?
a. 50% ice, 50% dust and gases
b. 50% fire, 50% lava
c. 50% asbestos, 50% CO2
6. What is the combined mass of all 5,000 asteroids in the asteroid belt (between Jupiter and
Mars) compared to the Earth?
a. Less than one-thousandth
b. About the same
c. More than one thousand times more
7.What is the diameter of the Sun?
a. 10,000 miles
b. 1,000,000 miles
c. 100,000 miles
8. Betelgeuse is a supergiant star which can be seen in the constellation Orion. How many
miles across is it?
a. 60,000 (100,000 km)
b. 6,000,000 (10,000,000 km)
c. 600,000,000 (1,000,000,000 km)
Key: 1.b; 2.c; 3.c; 4.a; 5.a; 6.a; 7.b; 8.c.
Make up the sentences
Distances in the universe
1. Earth to Moon a. 93 million miles b. 239,000 miles
2. Earth to Sun a. 93 million miles b. 186,000 miles
3. Sun to closest star, Proxima Centauri a. 4.3 light-years b. 3.4 light-years
4. Diameter of Milky Way Galaxy a. 100,000 light-years b. 150,000 light-years
5. Small Magellanic Cloud, the closest
Galaxy to Milky Way a. 196,000 light-years b. 210,000 light-years
6. Farthest visible objects (galaxies,
quasars) a. 50,000 light-years b. 20,000 light-years
7. Diameter of the universe a. 15 billion light-years b. 51 billion light-years
Key: 1.b; 2.a; 3.a; 4.a; 5.a; 6.b; 7.a.
Average temp. C
Av. distance from Sun (mln miles)
-167 to 427
-51 to 48
-123 to -30
Using the chart above, answer the following questions.
Which planets have a longer day than year?
Which planet has the most moons?
Which is the hottest planet?
Which planet has the shortest day and the longest year?
Which planet has the closest length of a day to the Earth?
Which is the smallest planet?
If an Astronomical Unit is the distance from the Earth to the Sun, how many astronomical units away is Pluto?
Key: 1. Venus; 2. Saturn; 3. Venus; 4. Pluto; 5. Mars; 6. Pluto; 7. 39.4.
Compare the pictures and find out ten differences.
look at the picture and learn the words;
make two sentences with each of the new words;
ask your desk mate one question with each new word, then answer his or her question.
T: Read the text and give Ukrainian equivalents for the following:
Theoretical basis; space flights; calculations; the founder of practical cosmonautics; teams of designers; to create satellites and rockets; leading space countries of the world; scientists; design office; to create modern space vehicles; booster rocket; space vehicle; reliable; cheap; to put into orbit; develop space technologies
SPACE TECHNOLOGIES IN UKRAINE
When you are looking at the night sky with myriad of stars you think about space, stars, planets and, may be, about other worlds.
Space has been always attractive to people. They wanted to lift above the sky and learn more about space.
Kostianryn Tsiolkovskyy, a great Russian scientist, developed theoretical basis for space flights (by the way, his family roots come to glorious Cossak Nalyvayko). Volodymyr Chelomey designed carrier rockets. Yuriy Kondratiuk (real name Sharhey) created very talented and important plan to send a rocket to the Moon and published it in his book in the 1930s. In 1969 Americans used his ideas, plan and calculations and sent their astronauts to the Moon.
Great Ukrainian scientist Serhiy Pavlovych Koroliov was the founder of practical cosmonautics. He headed the teams of designers who created the first satellites and rockets. Koroliov's ideas of space rocket design are very important now too.
Ukraine gave the world Valentyn Hlushko, Mychaylo Yangel and many other famous space rocket designers.
Now Ukraine is one of leading space states of the world. Other countries are Russia, the USA and France. We have good scientists, design offices and plants to create modern space vehicles. The main rocket plant of Ukraine is "Pivdenmash" in Dniepropetrovsk.
Ukraine is famous for its booster rockets. They put into space orbits over 400 space vehicles. They are much better than American boosters. Ukrainian booster rockets are more reliable and cheaper than American ones. That is why other countries pay us for putting their rockets into orbit.
Besides, we have satellites in space. They help to learn more about natural resources, weather, atmosphere changes and many other things necessary for economy. Space satellites take pictures of different parts of the world. The photos are very useful for economy of any country so they are expensive. Other countries pay us money for these photos.
Ukraine develops its space technologies because it is a very important and perspective branch of our economy. National Space Agency of Ukraine co-ordinates the development of space research and technologies in the country. There is a youth organisation of future space explorers in which school children take part. It is called "Suzirya".
In nearest future space exploration will play more and more important role in the life of the world and each country. Today we are among leaders in space technologies. It is very important to develop them actively.
T: Answer the questions.
Who were founders of theoretical cosmonautics?
Who created a plan and made calculations for the first space flight to
Who was the founder of practical cosmonautics?
Why is Ukraine a leading space country in the world?
What are other leading space countries?
What kind of rockets is Ukraine famous for?
Why are Ukrainian boosters much better than American ones?
What organisation co-ordinates space research and technology
development in Ukraine?
Why development of space technologies is important for our national economy?
T: Prove that Ukraine is one of world leaders in space exploration.
T: Think and say how it will be possible to use space for improvement life on the Earth.
Share your opinion about perspectives of space exploration progress in the USA.
Listen about space exploration and technologies in the USA and be ready to do the tasks on a computer.
SPACE TECHNOLOGIES IN THE USA
The USA has not such old traditions in space research as Ukraine. In the last 40 years American scientists have become known for their contributions to research space sciences. Today the country is among the world's leaders in this field.
In 1957 the Soviet Union, where Ukraine was the second large republic after Russia, launched the first satellite in history. Ukrainian scientist S. Koroliov was the General Designer then.
In 1958 the USA launched its first satellite. Since that time hundreds of American space vehicles, with and without astronauts, went into orbits. Some of them focus instruments on earth, others probe space and flight to other planets. Many satellites are used for navigation, communication, health, agriculture and other programmes.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) regulate the work in space research and exploration. America's latest major space program is the space shuttle, a reusable space vehicle that returns to the earth like a plane and doesn't bum after the program as other space rockets.
The USA spend much money to space research and technologies development because space exploration is very important for its national economy.
T: Let’s check up on your understanding. Do the tasks on your computers.
Task 1. Find the mistakes and click your answers in the boxes below the task.
1. When does the USA start to launch space rockets?
A B C
2. Hundreds of American space rockets, with and without astronauts, went into
A B C
3.Space vehicles focus instruments on earth, probe space and flight to other stars.
A B C
4. NASA regulate the work in space research and exploration, does she?
A B C
5. The space shuttle are a reusable space vehicle that returns to the earth and
6. The USA spend much money of space research and technologies development.
A B C
II. Click T, if the following is true and F, if the following false.
The USA was the first country that launched a space rocket.
The USA has older space research traditions than Ukraine.
Ukraine and the USA are among world leaders in space technologies.
American satellites fulfil many research and practical tasks.
NASA is the main organizer of space research in the USA.
The USA spend more money to space research than Ukraine.
7.The USA does its best to remain among world leaders in space exploration because it gives much profit to national economy.
Key: 1.F; 2.F; 3.T; 4.T; 5.T; 6.T; 7.T.
T: Read and learn more about the first American flight to the Moon. Write down the answers for the questions below.
THE FIRST PEOPLE ON THE MOON
In May 1961 President Kennedy proposed to send a man to the Moon. Soon the USA started the project called Apollo program. The cost of it was very high.
The ideas and calculations of Ukrainian scientist Yuriy Kondratiuk (Sharhey) were used for this project. He had to leave Ukraine because of political reasons.
The Apollo 11 spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral on the coast of Florida with three astronauts on July 16, 1969.
Five days later millions of television viewers all over the world watched astronauts Armstrong and Aldrin stepped down on the surface of the Moon.
The two men spent three hours collecting rock samples and setting up scientific instruments on the lunar surface to send information back to earth after they left. Three days later they returned home and became national heroes of the USA.
Answer the questions.
When did the first people step on the moon surface?
Who were they?
What did they do there?
How long did they work on the moon surface?
Who watched them on the Moon?
T: I must say that Ukraine’s scientists have developed space system that are up to world standard, such as “Kosmos” and “Tsiklon”, “Zenit” and “Ocean” oceanografical system, and the “Vulkan” unit for welding in space. How much do you know about the outstanding scientist in the branch of rocket and space engineering in Ukraine?
P1: Ukraine has always been making a valuable contribution to space exploration. And it's no wonder that the flight into space of the Ukrainian astronaut-researcher Leonid Kadeniuk proved the potential of Ukraine. He was one of the crew of the space shuttle Columbia launched into space on November 19, 1997.
P2: Serhiy Korolyov was born in Zhytomir and is one of the most outstanding scientists in the branch of rocket and space engineering. His name will go down in history of the
P3: Mykhailo Yangel worked in Dniepropetrovsk with "Pivdenmash". He created a new direction and his own school in developing rocket and space equivalent. His name was given to a medal.
P4: Volodymyr Chelomey headed the creation of the carrier rockets.
P5: Kostyantyn Tsiolkovsky came from the glorious Cossack family of Nalyvaiko. His scientific basis of rocket engineering were used by modern scientists in the branch of rocket and space engineering.
P6: Yuri Kondratyuk made calculations for the manned flight to the Moon.
P7: Ukraine has made its contribution to the world space science. At the Southern Machine - Building plant about 400 artificial Earth satellites have been made.
T: All this testifies to the fact that Ukraine is a country where research and exploration of space have become integral part of its progress.
Summing-up. Home assignment.
Comment the pictures. Tell everything you know about common work of Ukraine and the USA in space exploration.
T: What was the most difficult for you to listen to the text about space technologies in the USA or to read the text about space technologies in Ukraine? What have you known about Ukraine’s contribution to space exploration? Do you know anything about the contribution from Dnipropetrovs’k to space exploration?
At home make your project “How to develop space technologies in Ukraine”. What would you recommend and why? What is the role of our region in the project? Or you may write an encyclopedia entry about the contribution Ukraine has made to space exploration.
Our lesson is coming to an end. You have worked well today. Your marks are…
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English #1 (385), January 2008.
English Learner’s Digest #8, April 1999.
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